SANDRA BRÜNKEN, ZHENHONG YU, MICHAEL C. MCCARTHY, CARL A. GOTTLIEB, PATRICK THADDEUS, Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138; ARNAUD BELLOCHE, KARL M. MENTEN, Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, 53121 Bonn, Germany.
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We present the first measurements of the rotational spectrum of thiocyanic acid (HSCN) in the microwave and mm-wave regions. HSCN is an isomer of the spectroscopically and astronomically well-studied molecule isothiocyanic acid (HNCS). HSCN has been calculated to lie only 4-14~kcal/mol higher in energy than the most stable isomer HNCS, yet to date HSCN had only been characterised experimentally by matrix-IR spectroscopy. We now succeeded to produce HSCN in a discharge of H2S and either (CN)2 or CH3CN in sufficient amounts for its spectroscopic investigation in the gas phase. Three a -type rotational transitions in the Ka=0 ladder and four in the Ka=1 ladder were measured in the frequency range 10-35~GHz with our Fourier Transform Microwave Spectrometer (FTM) in a molecular beam. The identification was confirmed by the observation of 6 singly and doubly substituted isotopic species at predicted isotopic shifts. Furthermore, we were able to resolve and analyse the distinctive hyperfine structure due to 14N and D in all species containing these nuclei, providing additional evidence for the identification. An experimental structure derived from the isotopic measurements will be presented. For the main isotopic species additional
Ka=0 transitions were observed in selected frequency regions up to 350~GHz with a free-space millimeter-wave absorption spectrometer. Lines of HSCN were surprisingly strong through a dc discharge of H2S and (CN)2, allowing to observe spectra up to J=30 and Ka=7, as shown in the figure.
We also report a tentative detection of HSCN towards SgrB2(M) via four Ka=0 a-type transitions observed in the 3-mm band with the IRAM 30m telescope. The observations yield an abundance of HSCN only a factor 2-5 lower than that of the lowest energy isomer HNCS.